Bronchial asthma is one of the most common diseases of the respiratory system, with a severe course and repeatedly reducing the patient’s life quality. In many ways, a wide spread of the disease contributes to the abundance and the exacerbation of the disease.
This is the result of poor environmental conditions, lack of physical activity, the presence of harmful habits, especially smoking, both active and passive (inhalation of smoke). This fact is confirmed by numerous studies. Moreover, tobacco smoke negative effect is much higher than the rest of atmospheric pollutants.
Inhalation of tobacco smoke triggers an attack within some minutes, which is difficult to stop. Such high pathogenic activity of smog is characterized by the presence of various components in it – nicotine, tar, etc., which are individually strong allergens and can be a factor of asthma development, and even more, together they affect the reactivity of the immune system.
The mechanism of asthma attacks during the contact with a smoke
Smoking with asthma causes pathological suffocation that occurs due to the tapered lumen respiratory tract. Not only large airways are narrowing, but also the smallest ones. Suffocation is a protective reaction, which should prevent further entry of the allergen in the respiratory system.
Reduction lumen caused pulse supplied by the autonomic nervous system. This reaction makes the body from entering the lungs of foreign bodies, chemical and mechanical components which may be present in the ambient air.
However, when exposed to tobacco smoke, a hyperergic reaction occurs, and the lumen is narrowed. A person is unable to breathe properly at asthma caused by smoking. In addition, it is worth noting that this pathological process is supported not only by the nature of the allergic airway narrowing of the lumen but also the excessive production of mucus in asthmatics.
This phenomenon is formed on the background of active and passive smoking when the cilia cannot cope with the abundance of mucus, mixed with small mechanical agents that fall in the upper respiratory tract and bronchi by smoking or inhalation of smoke. And if the mucus is not displayed, it has an additional irritant effect on the respiratory organs and it grows until it plugs the gaps of smallest bronchioles.
The bronchioles are no cartilage matrix, so during an attack, prompted by the momentum of the autonomic nervous system, they are squeezed by muscles are damaged and phlegm completely ceases to depart. The end result of this process is the difficulty in breathing. In this case, an asthma attack, unfortunately, doesn’t not only lead to loss of working efficiency, but also to the danger of death. Therefore, an asthmatic should not be active or passive smoker anyway.
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Tobacco smoke and its impact on the asthmatic status of future generations
An adult has the right to choose and decide for himself – to smoke or not to smoke. But the children who grow up in families where there is at least one smoking parent, find themselves in a difficult situation. Physiological characteristics of the child’s body reaction in response to the inhalation of tobacco smoke are such that passive smoking has a much more devastating effect on the kids’ respiratory organs than in the case with adults.
Lung tissue of a child’s body gets irritated more quickly than adults’, mucus secretion is rapidly growing, and you won’t have to wait for an asthma attack. As for healthy children, their passive smoking leads to less resistance to SARS and respiratory diseases, having a bacterial nature. And, of course, the constant trauma of the tissues of the bronchi leads to an increased danger of asthma.
Speaking about the impact of smoking on the body of a child, Asthma Inhalers Online has to touch the issue of the asthmatic status of a future generations.
A pregnant woman who smokes or inhales cigarette smoke very often, directs hazardous substances that are found in the smoke, to the fetus. The situation is complicated by the fact that nicotine, a drop of which is known to kill a horse, easily penetrates through the gemoplatsentarny barrier.
Smoking during pregnancy may lead to the following consequences:
- Increased risk of developing asthma in the child throughout his later life;
- a weak immune system of a child;
- premature birth with a low birth weight;
- death in the first months of life from sudden infant death syndrome.
In short, smoking does not contribute to the health of children – the hopes and the future of any nation.
So let’s summarize all of the above mentioned so that you no longer have the slightest doubt that smoking is harmful not only for asthmatics, but also for any person.
Inhalation of tobacco smoke leads to:
- Activation of mucus production in the respiratory system;
- infringement of the physiological cleansing of the respiratory system;
- allergic reactions in response to the entry into the body of tar and nicotine, which are potent allergens;
- change the reactivity of the immune system, which in its turn leads to increased sensitivity of the respiratory system.
The result of chronic exposure to smoke is the constant readiness of the respiratory system to react to the slightest stimulus, which previously would have no special reaction. That’s why smoking, both active and passive, is currently considered one of the strongest risk factors for a healthy person of asthma and other respiratory diseases. But asthmatics have addiitional dangers:
- Smoking increases the frequency and level for asthma attacks;
- reduces the effectiveness of treatment;
- reduces the effect of inhaled agents;
- relieves seizures;
- provokes the development of complications and infection of the respiratory system;
- reduces the quality and length of life.
Smoking causes irreversible effects, you should conside – is it worth ruining your health and shortening your lives by getting a fleeting pleasure of inhaling? It is for you to decide.